Does Tracheostomy Affect the Mortality and Morbidity Rate After Cardiac Surgery?
Serkan Burc Deser
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Abstract

Objective: This retrospective study aims to investigate the timing and outcomes of tracheostomy, mortality and morbidity rates, length of in-hospital and cardiovascular intensive care unit (ICU) stay in patients with post-cardiac surgery.
Patients and Methods: Between October 2014 and October 2016, a total of 401 cardiac surgery were performed in our hospital. Thirteen patients who needed post-operative prolong ventilation (7 female; 6 male; mean age was 67.7 ± 9.8 years; range 47 to 86 years) undergoing tracheostomy procedure, were included in this retrospective study.
Results: The mean intubation time between the cardiac surgery and tracheostomy was 14.5±2.9 days (range 11 to 21). The mean intensive care unit stay time was 27.4 ±9.4 days (range 12 to 49) and the mean in-hospital stay was 43.1±23.7 days (range 16-91). 8 patients passed away and the in-hospital mortality rate was 61%. After a mean follow-up of 161.4±151.1 days (range 57 to 417), 3 patients (7%) passed away while one patient (7%) was decannulated. One patient (7%) is currently under follow-up at home using a home-type ventilator. Regarding patients who passed away after discharge, the overall mortality rate was 84.6%. In addition, the number of extubation attempts was 0.65±1.12 (range 0 to 4).
Conclusion: Tracheostomy is performed in need of prolonged mechanical ventilation in patients with post cardiac surgery. We thought that tracheostomy does not decrease the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia in hospital/ICU stay and morbidity/mortality as expected.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

https://doi.org/10.5799/jcei.433810

J Clin Exp Invest, 2018 - Volume 9 Issue 2, pp. 81-86

Publication date: 13 Jun 2018

Article Views: 629

Article Downloads: 563

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