Objective: Investigation of unpredictable risks due to abnormal uterine pathology after the choice of uterus-preserving reconstructive surgical procedure for women who have uterine prolapse and no other complaints was aimed.
Methods: The data of 121 women (105 postmenopausal and 16 premenopausal) who underwent vaginal hysterectomy due to pelvic organ prolapse was examined and the post-hysterectomy histopathology results were evaluated.
Results: Senile cystic atrophy was the most common endometrial pathology result among postmenopausal women (63.5%). However, proliferative and secretory endometrium was the most common endometrial pathology finding among premenopausal women (81.3%). There were statistically significant differences between postmenopausal and perimenopausal women in terms of these pathology results (p<0.001). While, there was no difference between groups in terms of endometrial polyps, hyperplasia and adenomyosis (p>0.05), myoma uteri was significantly more common in patients with perimenopause (p=0.01).
Conclusion: The uterus must be evaluated in terms of endometrial pathologies in asymptomatic women with pelvic organ prolapse before uterus-preserving reconstructive surgical procedure, especially in postmenopausal period.