Objective: This study aimed to assess the relationship between Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and its complications with the severity of depression.
Methods: Eighty diabetics under the age of 65 using insulin were enrolled and clinical and biochemical data were recorded. The severity of neuropathy was determined by the “United Kingdom neuropathy screening score” (UKNS) whereas the severity of depression was determined by the “Beck depression scale” (BDS). Nephropathy and retinopathy were assessed by the microalbumin-creatinine ratio in spot urine samples and by detailed examination of the retina with an ophthalmoscope, respectively.
Results: There were more patients who has high neuropathy severity in the group with the highest Beck depression scale score (p<0.001). In the correlation analyses, positive correlation was found between the severity of depression determined by the BDS and UKNS (r=0.231, p=0.039). No relationship was found between nephropathy, retinopathy and severity of depression.
Conclusion: There was significant relationship between the severity of neuropathy and that of depression. Hence, cases with a diagnosis of Type 2 DM require screening in terms of neuropathy and the presence of depression. Appropriate approach towards such conditions associated with each other may be crucial in the context of increasing the quality of life.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.