Objective: To investigate the effect of melatonin on the levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO) and glutathione (GSH) of pancreas tissues at young (4 months) and middle-aged (14 months) rats.
Methods: Young and middle-age male Wistar albino rats were used in this experimental study. Rats were divided into two groups: melatonin applied; young rats , middle-aged rats and melatonin was not applied; young rats and middle-aged rats . Melatonin was administered at a dose of 10 mg/kg/day in 0.2 cc-% 1 ethanol-phosphate buffered saline (PBS) solution via subcutan way for 7 days at 18:00 until surgery. In control group, 0.2 cc-%1 Ethanol-PBS was applied for 7 days at 18:00. At the end of seven days, MDA, NO levels which are indicators of oxidant stress and GSH were detected.
Results: Although there were no significant difference between control and experiment group for the NO and MDA level of melatonin group of young rats, there were significantly difference in the GSH levels of pancreas tissues for melatonin levels. NO levels of the pancreas tissues were significantly reduced and GSH levels were significantly increased in the melatonin group of middle aged rats compared to the control group. The MDA levels of pancreas tissues were significantly increased in the middle aged control group compared to young control group. The MDA levels of pancreas tissues were not significantly different in melatonin group of middle-aged compared to control group. The NO and the GSH levels of the pancreas tissues were not significantly different between the control groups of young and middle aged rats.
Conclusion: Aging may be related with an increase in free radicals and a reduction in the antioxidant capacity of the tissues and exogenous melatonin may play a protective role in aging by means of its action on free radicals.