Objectives: Endoscopic examinations have great potential in early diagnosis of colorectal adenomas and carcinomas with reducing to colorectal cancer incidence and mortality. We aimed to evaluate for diagnostic purposeful lower gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures in the second step state hospital retrospectively
Methods: Between June 2010 and June 2013, we evaluated 278 patients with rectal bleeding, constipation and abdominal pain detected by lower gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures retrospectively.
Results: The mean age of the patients was 54.8 ± 16.8 (15-90) year, respectively. 172 (61.9%) of the patients were male and 106 (38.1%) of the patients were female. 116 (41.7%) of the patients was performed rectosigmoidoscopy and 162 (58.3%) of the patients was performed colonoscopy. 51(18.3%) of our patients were normal. 10 (3.6%) of patients had colorectal cancer, 11(3.9%) of patients had inflammatory bowel disease, 8 (2.9%) of patients had parasitosis, 31(11.1%) of patients had colorectal polyps, 12 (4.3% ), in patients had diverticular disease, 2 (0.7%) patients had rectal ulcer, 25 (9%) patients had anal fissure and 159 (57.2%) of the patients had hemorrhoidal disease.
Conclusion: Lower gastrointestinal endoscopy is a method been the gold standard with a low complication rate and that can be easily applied in the evaluation to pathology of colorectal and anal canal.