Objective: The increase in life quality and expectancy causes an increase in the elderly population. Improvements in burn treatment resulted in decreased mortality in children and young adults but in elderly patients burns are still an important trauma that should be handed differently than other age groups. The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors effecting mortality in patients with burns over 45 years old.
Methods: Fifty-eight patients over 45 years of age, who were treated in our burns unit in the last 3 years were included in our study. Their age, burn percentage and depth, coexisting diseases and mortality rates were examined retrospectively.
Results: The average age of surviving patients was 57.4 years while it was 70 years for nonsurviving patients (p=0.002). The width of burn area was 21.1 % in surviving and 50 % in nonsurviving patients (p<0.01). The effect of additional coexistent diseases on mortality was significant (p=0.001). The most common reasons of mortality were sepsis and congestive heart failure.
Conclusion: We found out that the age, percentage of burns and coexistent diseases had a negative effect on success of treatment and mortality. Mortality rates will decrease in these cases with careful follow-up and a multidisciplinary approach.