Evaluation of the Pain and Foot Functions in Women with Hallux valgus deformities

J Clin Exp Invest 2016;7(2):144-149.



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Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate whether deformity affects pain and associated functional status in women with hallux valgus (HV).
Methods: The study included 27 women (mean age: 40.5±10.3 years) diagnosed with HV and with a deformity level of two or more as determined using the Manchester scale. Demographic data of the participants were recorded. In addi­tion, Visual Analog Scale (VAS) was used to determine the intensity of pain during walking. To determine the function affected by pain and deformity, Foot Function Index (FFI), and the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society MTP-IP (AOFAS MTP-IP) Scale along with AOFAS Midfoot (MF) Scale were used.
Results: Based on the study results, we determined a statistically significant relationship between foot function and pain among our patients (p<0.05). These significant relationships were observed between the pain and total scores of the Foot Function Index (p<0.05), the pain parameter of AOFAS MTP-IP and the pain and total scores of AOFAS midfoot-pain scale (p<0.05).
Conclusion: It was concluded that when assessing and planning treatment for hallux valgus, all health profession­als dealing with foot health, pathologies, deformities and treatment should consider the patient as a whole, bearing in mind that pathologies can affect not only the perceived symptoms of individuals, but also their normal functions through various physical and social limitations.


Foot, hallux valgus, pain, function


Talu B, Koca TT, Bayramlar K, Karabıçak GÖ. Evaluation of the Pain and Foot Functions in Women with Hallux valgus deformities. J Clin Exp Invest. 2016;7(2):144-9. https://doi.org/10.5799/ahinjs.01.2016.02.0587