Objectives: The clinical characteristics and treatment results of patients diagnosed with sarcoidosis was investigated in Dicle University Medical Faculty Hospital.
Materials and methods: A total of 39 patients were included diagnosed with sarcoidosis between 01 January 2008 and31 December 2011.Demographic data, laboratory findings, spirometric test data, diagnostic methods and treatment regimens for the study were recorded form. According to pulmonary function test results of patients, 61.5% were normal pattern, 30.8% were restrictive pattern and 7.7% were obstructive pattern.
Results: Of the 39 patients 15.4% male, 84.6% were female. The mean age was 39.5±13.1 years for males, females 44.8±14.0 years. All patients of was 17.9% stage 1, 66.7% stage 2, 10.3% stage 3 and 5.1% stage 4. 61.5% were symptomatic, 38.5% were asymptomatic. Methods of diagnosis of the patients examined, 25.6% of patients bronchoscopic biopsy procedures, 74.4% of patients surgical biopsy procedures. Of the 56.4% patients had received corticosteroid treatment, 5.1% patients had received corticosteroid + methotrexate treatment, 38.5% were followed up without the pharmacological treatment. Pharmacological treatment in the group complete at the time of the study 20.5% concluded the treatment of the person. Patients who treatment ending 8.4 months had used pharmacological treatment.
Conclusions: Interstitial lung diseases which are prevalent among patients with sarcoidosis diagnosed by examining the clinical features, differential diagnosis and treatment may be possible detection of potential problems.