Assessment of Quality of Life, Psychological and Functional Status and Disease Activity in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis and Fibromyalgia
Mehmet Caglayan 1 * , Mehmet Gunes, Mehtap Bozkurt, Kemal Nas
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1 Dicle University, Faculty of Medicine, Dept. Physical Med.& Rehabilitation Diyarbakir, Turkey* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Objective: Anxiety and depression are psychological dis­orders which frequently accompany and affect the course of rheumatic diseases. Quality of life is also affected by psychological status. In this study, we aimed to assess psychological status and quality of life in patients with an­kylosing spondylitis (AS) and fibromyalgia (FM) and in­vestigate their association with functional status, disease activity and physical limitation.
Method: Thirty-seven patients with AS and thirty-four patients with FM were included in this study. The Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BAS­FI) were used for assessment of disease activity and physical functions respectively. The Ankylosing Spondy­litis Quality of Life (ASQoL) questionnaire was used for disease-related quality of life in AS patients. Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) was used for assessment of functional status in FM patients. Nottingham Health Pro­file (NHP) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were, respectively, used for assessment of qual­ity of life and psychological status in groups.
Results: There was no significant difference between the groups in HADS-total, HADS-depression and HADS-anxiety scores (p>0.05). However, patients with FM had significantly higher NHP-total and NHP-pain scores com­pared to patients with AS (p<0.05).
Conclusion: There was no significant difference be­tween the two groups in psychological distress. Higher NHP-pain scores in patients with FM might have been caused by lower pain threshold in these patients. The generalizability of our findings is also limited because of the relatively small sample size.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

J Clin Exp Invest, Volume 7, Issue 1, March 2016, 41-46

https://doi.org/10.5799/jcei.328679

Publication date: 01 Mar 2016

Article Views: 2403

Article Downloads: 1103

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