Acute fatty liver of pregnancy (AFLP) is a rare and potentially fatal disease that occurs in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. This article presents two clinical cases of AFLP and provides a review of the literature on this pathology. Diagnosis of AFLP is based on clinical, laboratory and radiological criteria, and treatment involves early recognition of the condition with delivery and full supportive maternal care are extremely important for the outcomes of both mother and child. However, AFLP can lead to serious complications. A better understanding of this pathology is needed to improve the prognosis and survival of AFLP patients.
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