Visual Impairment among School Going Paediatric Group Children in Rural Areas of Bihar and Jharkhand: A Population Based Study
Chandrashekhar Pandey 1, Sarita Kumari 1, Vivek Kumar 2 *
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1 Nalanda Medical College and Hospital, Patna, Bihar 800026, India
2 Dumka Medical College and Hospital, Dumka, Jharkhand 814101, India
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Objective: The study aims to ascertain the prevalence and cause of low vision/ blindness in children of the rural population of the Indian states of Bihar and Jharkhand and justify the investment done on a population based survey for the particular age group.
Material and Methods: The documentation of 1500 children was done with respect to their demographic data and ophthalmological examination.
Results: The prevalence of childhood blindness was observed to be 0.2% with a predilection to female sex. The most common cause of visual impairment was uncorrected refractive error with incidences of blindness caused due to correctable condition of congenital cataract.
Conclusion: Keeping in view of the life expectancy of 68 years in India, it can be reasonably stated that the number of years of visual impairment that can be shunned by these children oriented population based programs will have a significant impact on the burden being posed.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

https://doi.org/10.29333/jcei/9564

J Clin Exp Invest, 2021 - Volume 12 Issue 1, Article No: em00764

Publication date: 16 Jan 2021

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Article Downloads: 376

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