Objective: The exact incidence of hepatosteatosis in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) is unknown; also there is no valid, simple and inexpensive method to evaluate and follow-up for patients with MetS. In our study, we aimed to demonstrate the frequency of hepatosteatosis, and whether demonstrate presence and degree of steatosis using liver ultrasonography may provide additional benefit for evaluating and following-up in MetS patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
Methods: One hundred and twelve patients with MetS were included to the study. Patients divided into three groups; control group (n= 36) consisted of patients without hepatosteatosis, group 1 (n=43) consisted of patients with grade 1 hepatosteatosis. Finally, group 2 (n= 33) consisted of patients with grade 2 hepatosteatosis. The relationship between the presence and degree of the hepatosteatosis and MetS parameters were analyzed.
Results: The incidence of hepatosteatosis was found 69.4% in patients with MetS. There were significantly differences in HOMA-IR, AST, ALT and GGT levels among control group and group 1 (p<0.05 for all). There were also significantly differences in waist circumference, fasting blood glucose, fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, AST, ALT, GGT, ferritin, CRP, sedimentation, uric acid and microalbuminuria levels among control group and group 2 (p<0.05 for all). Blood pressures and lipid profiles were similar among all groups (p>0.05 for all). Besides, there were significantly differences in waist circumferences, fasting insulin, HOMA-IR, GGT, uric acid, CRP levels among group 1 and 2 (p<0.05 for all).
Conclusion: Our study indicates that MetS related parameters; especially insulin resistance, were significantly different in patients with hepatosteatosis compared to patients without hepatosteatosis. Because of the different measurment of waist circumferences among groups, we recommend to use liver ultrasonography and waist circumference together to evaluate and follow-up for MetS patients with hepatosteatosis.
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