The efficacy of percutaneous nephrostomy performed by using combined ultrasonography and fluoroscopy: Retrospective analysis of 87 cases
Emre Kaçar 1 * , Çınar Balçık, Ebru Ünlü, İbrahim Keleş, Mustafa Karalar, Ömer Fatih Nas, Rukan Karaca
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1 Kocatepe Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Radyoloji Anabilim Dalı, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey
* Corresponding Author


Objective: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the percutaneous nephrostomy (PN) performed by using combined ultrasonography (USG) and fluoroscopy.
Methods: Eighty-seven patients (48 female, 39 male; mean age, 58.2; range, 19-91) who underwent 106 PN procedures performed by using USG and fluoroscopy combination between July 2011 and May 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The technical success was considered if nephrostomy catheter was placed within renal pelvis and functioned spontaneously. All patients received preprocedural prophylactic antibiotic and preprocedural coagulation parameters and platelet count were tested in all patients routinely. The procedural complications are classified as major, minor and catheter-related. The technical success rates and complication rates of the PN procedure were calculated.
Results: PN was performed for benign causes in 47 patients (54%) and for malignant causes in 40 patients (46%). A total of 106 nephrostomies were performed in 101 kidneys (95.1%) with dilated systems and in 5 kidneys (4.9%) with non-dilated systems. The technical success rate of PN was 98.1% (104/106 PN procedures). Major complication was not observed in any patients. Transient hematuria as a minor complication was seen in 11 patients (12.6%). Catheter dislodgement occurred in 11 patients (12.6%).
Conclusion: The PN performed by using combined USG and fluoroscopy is effective and reliable procedure in urinary decompression and diversion with high success and low complication rates.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

J Clin Exp Invest, 2015 - Volume 6 Issue 2, pp. 170-174

Publication date: 10 Jul 2015

Article Views: 1405

Article Downloads: 394

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