Objectives: We planned this study with the aim of obtaining knowledge about epidemiological characteristics of gynecological malignancies followed up in our hospital.
Materials and methods: In our study we analyzed 231 patients that were operated with the appraisal diagnosis of gynecological cancer in Gynecology and Obstetrics Department of Dicle University Medical Faculty between the dates of 2001, January and 2011, November.
Results: The mostly diagnosed gynecological malignancy was ovarian cancers among the gynecological cancers seen in the first group compassing the period between the year 2001 and the first half-term of the year 2006. In the second group compassing the period from the second half-term of the year 2006 to the end of the year 2011, ovarian cancers were again the most frequently seen gynecological cancers. On the other hand it was found that there was an increase in the percentage of endometrial cancers. While cases with advanced staged constituting the major part of the patients with ovarian cancer, it was seen that the majority of the patients with endometrium cancer were consisting of stage 1 cases. In the 4 of 6 cases having endometrium cancer and applying with the complaint of pain, the disease was noticed in the advanced stage. Being the most frequently seen gynecological cancer all over the world and especially in the societies with lower socio-economic status, the cervix cancer was taking place in the 3rd order after endometrium cancer in terms of frequency in our region.
Conclusion: Consequently, in the recent years the gynecological cancer showing the most frequent increase was endometrium cancer in our region. The increase in the frequency of obesity, relating with the reasons like the improper nutrition behavior, the increase in the socio-economic status, may be associated with the increase in the frequency of endometrium cancer. The healthcare personals and the public body must be instructed to diagnose the gynecological cancer cases especially the ones having ovarian cancer in the early stage.