Evaluation of the Macular Thickness by Optical Coherence Tomography in Amblyopia
Suat Altındağ, Muhammed Şahin 1 *
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1 Dicle Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Göz Hastalıkları AD, Diyarbakır, Turkey
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Objective: To measure and compare macular thicknesses (MT) in patients that have amblyopia and control group eyes with optical coherence tomography (OCT) and to define OCT as an early diagnosis tool.
Methods: 27 patients having amblyopia associated strabismus classified as group 1, 18 patients having amblyopia associated anisometropia classified as group 2 and 45 healthy volunteers classified as group 3 were enrolled into the study. All participants were underwent into the full ophthalmological examination and were measured MT by OCT.
Results: There was a statistical significance between control group and group 1 in central MT (p=0.01). But there was no significant differences between areas as we divided the macular thicknesses other quadrants. When we compare group 2 and group 3 there was thinner statistical significance in temporal quadrants (p=0.04). There was no significant difference between the other quadrants and central MT (p<0.05). There was significant difference between group 1 and group 2 in central MT (p=0.03). No significant difference was found between group 1 and group 2 in other quadrants (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Changes in macular thicknesses in strabismic amblyopia measured by OCT shows that structural changes can develop in amblyopia. OCT gives hope as early diagnosis tool with the non-invasive feature in vivo.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

https://doi.org/10.5799/ahinjs.01.2016.02.0593

J Clin Exp Invest, 2016 - Volume 7 Issue 2, pp. 178-183

Publication date: 16 Jun 2016

Article Views: 1804

Article Downloads: 463

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