Objective: We aimed to present epidemiological and clinical data on spinal cord injury (SCI) patients who were rehabilitated at our hospital to define etiological factors and high risk groups.
Methods: Data on 174 SCI patients rehabilitated between January 2009 and October 2014 in our hospital were retrospectively evaluated. Patient age, sex, etiology of injury, injury level (cervical, thoracic, lumbar), total number of rehabilitation sessions, spinal operation status, functional groups according to the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Scale were recorded.
Results: In total, 105 of the patients were male and 69 were female. The mean age of patients was 36.61 ± 16.16 years. Traffic accidents were the most common cause of injury (n=45, 25.9%), followed by falls from height (n=39, 22.4%). The most common injury was thoracic spine injury (n=95, 54.6%), followed by lumbar spine injuries (n=48, 27.6%). Traffic accidents were significant mechanism for thoracic spine injuries (p=0.007). Ineffective neurosurgery had a significant relation with lumbar spine injuries (p<0.001).
Conclusion: The most of the SCIs we observed were preventable. Comprehensive identification of the epidemiologic, clinic and demographic features of SCIs contributes to define most common etiological factors, high risk groups, thereby making it possible to pay personal and communal attention to precautions for SCIs.