Epidemiological and clinical data of patients with spinal cord injury: Five-year experience of our center
Burhan Fatih Koçyiğit 1 * , Serdar Mazlum Akaltun, Özlem Altındağ, Ali Aydeniz, Savaş Gürsoy, Ali Gür
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1 Gaziantep Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Fiziksel Tıp ve Rehabilitasyon AD, Gaziantep, Turkey
* Corresponding Author

Abstract

Objective: We aimed to present epidemiological and clinical data on spinal cord injury (SCI) patients who were rehabilitated at our hospital to define etiological factors and high risk groups.
Methods: Data on 174 SCI patients rehabilitated between January 2009 and October 2014 in our hospital were retrospectively evaluated. Patient age, sex, etiology of injury, injury level (cervical, thoracic, lumbar), total number of rehabilitation sessions, spinal operation status, functional groups according to the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Scale were recorded.
Results: In total, 105 of the patients were male and 69 were female. The mean age of patients was 36.61 ± 16.16 years. Traffic accidents were the most common cause of injury (n=45, 25.9%), followed by falls from height (n=39, 22.4%). The most common injury was thoracic spine injury (n=95, 54.6%), followed by lumbar spine injuries (n=48, 27.6%). Traffic accidents were significant mechanism for thoracic spine injuries (p=0.007). Ineffective neurosurgery had a significant relation with lumbar spine injuries (p<0.001).
Conclusion: The most of the SCIs we observed were preventable. Comprehensive identification of the epidemiologic, clinic and demographic features of SCIs contributes to define most common etiological factors, high risk groups, thereby making it possible to pay personal and communal attention to precautions for SCIs.

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

https://doi.org/10.5799/ahinjs.01.2015.02.0505

J Clin Exp Invest, 2015 - Volume 6 Issue 2, pp. 140-143

Publication date: 10 Jul 2015

Article Views: 1473

Article Downloads: 531

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