Objective: In this study, we aimed to investigate the properties of burn injured patients who admitted to our hospital emergency service.
Methods: Patients were detected from the hospital records of emergency service during six months period and were divided into five groups according to their ages (<10, 11-20, 21-40, 41-60 and >60 years). Age, gender total body surface area (TBSA), mechanism of injury and the outcome of emergency evaluation were recorded.
Results: Totally 111619 patients admitted to our emergency service between 01.07.2011 and 31.12.2011. During six months, 2349 males and 1960 females totally 4309 patients were burn injured patients. 1773 patients were between 0-10 years, 1083 patients were 11-20 years, 735 patients were between 21 and 40, 361 patients were between 41 and 60 and 357 patients were over 60 years. Most of the patients were treated in the emergency service (90.1%). 0-10% TBSA patients constituted 94.2%. This ratio for burn area >40% was 0.6%. Hot liquid burn (vapored water, milk etc.) was 60.2%. There was a significant relation between mechanism of burn injury and age groups (p<0.05). No corrosive and sunburn injuries determined in females. Age groups were related with hospitalization (p<0.05). The highest intensive care unit admission was found in the 0-10 age group (1.3%).
Conclusion: Emergency service is the first admission department of burn injury patients. Knowing the properties of burn injury patients, would help hard-working emergency doctors in triage of these patients. Also, reporting the data of emergency service burn injury patients would be helpful for further studies.